Roussel, Raymond


Roussel, Raymond
(1877-1935)
   writer
   Born in Paris to a wealthy bourgeois family, Raymond Roussel studied at the Paris Conservatory until, at age 17, he felt himself called to be a poet. He began a large work in Alexandrian verse, Les Doublure (published 1897), a detailed description of the Carnival in Nice. The writing put him in an ecstatic state, but it was not the success he had hoped it would be. He continued, nonetheless, to write, composing poems (La Vue, 1903; Le Concert, 1904; La Source, 1904) before beginning his important prose work, Impressions d'Afrique (published 1910), an imaginary description of Africa filled with strange devices. A play that he developed from it caused a scandal. This was followed by Locus Solus (1914), written in a similar way, the two plays L'Étoile au front (1924) and La Poussière de soleils (1927), as he continued to work on a large poem also in Alexandrian verse, Nouvelles Impressions d'Afrique (published 1932), in which the text is interspersed with a play in parentheses. From 1920 to 1921, Roussel traveled widely, but he said that this period failed to inspire him and he ceased writing in 1932. He died mysteriously in a palace in Palermo, italy, poisoned by barbiturates. in 1989, a great amount (10,000 pages) of his manuscripts were discovered. Considered one of the most extraordinary writers of the 20th century, Roussel, for his bizarre works and eccentric lifestyle, drew a critical response from many of his illustrious contemporaries, and he has been claimed as a precursor by authors associated with the surrealists (andré breton), the OuLiPo, and semioticians and poststructuralists. marcel proust, jean cocteau, and michel foucault all recognized his genius and influence.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Raymond Roussel — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Roussel. Raymond Roussel Activités Écrivain, dramaturge et poète Naissance 1877 à Paris (France) Décès 1933 à Palerme, Italie Langue d écriture …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Raymond Roussel — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Raymond Roussel (París, 20 de enero de 1877 Palermo, 14 de julio de 1933) fue un poeta, novelista, dramaturgo, músico y ajedrecista francés. Con sus novelas y obras ejerció una fuerte influencia sobre algunos grupos… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Raymond Roussel — (* 20. Januar 1877 in Paris; † 14. Juli 1933 in Palermo) war ein französischer Schriftsteller. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke (Auswahl) 3 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Raymond Roussel — (Paris, January 20, 1877 Palermo, July 14, 1933) was a French poet, novelist, playwright, musician, and chess enthusiast. Through his novels, poems, and plays he exerted a profound influence on certain groups within 20th century French literature …   Wikipedia

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  • Roussel — can refer to:People: * Albert Roussel (1869 1937), a French composer * Athina Roussel (1985 present), a competitive French show jumper * Cédric Roussel (1978 present), a Belgian football striker * Dominic Roussel (1970 present), a retired… …   Wikipedia

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  • Raymond Gérôme — Données clés Nom de naissance Raymond Joseph Léon De Backer Naissance 17 mai 1920 Koekelberg, Belgique Nationalité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Raymond Hains — est un artiste plasticien français, né à Saint Brieuc (Côtes d Armor) le 9 novembre 1926 et mort à Paris le 28 octobre 2005. Après avoir travaillé, comme son ami Jacques Villeglé, sur les affiches lacérées et co créé le Nouveau réalisme il prend… …   Wikipédia en Français


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